Grand Canyon: The number one travel sight in the United States

Why is the Grand Canyon famous?

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Grand Canyon

The Grand Canyon is one of the most beautiful and attractive natural creation that is recently estimated as 70 million years old, occupies a large area of southwestern United States. This canyon carved by the Colorado River in Arizona, US and canyon is 277 miles (446 km) long, 18 miles (29km) wide and over a mile (1,875m) deep. The Grand Canyon’s South Rim has an elevation of 7,000 feet above the sea level. The canyon and adjacent rim are belonging to the Grand Canyon National Park. Because of its breathtaking views, the Grand Canyon became one of the most visited tourist destinations in the world. Per year, nearly 6 million of visitors are coming to Grand Canyon, making it as the second-most visited US national parks. The 

Grand Canyon is a paradise for photographers, videographers and also hikers.
The stories behind the history of the structure of the canyon are still made arguments between geologists. But from recent findings show that the Colorado River was initiated and grown over 5 to 6 million years ago. Since back then this river was driven by cutting the channels layer by layer of rocks uplifting the Colorado Plateau.

History of the Grand Canyon area

In the Grand Canyon, archaeologists have discovered ruins from inhabitance that are nearly 12,000 years old. The Ancestral Puebloans were the first people know to be lived in that area. Researches believed that Ancestral Puebloans are ancestors of current Pueblo people. The Cohonina was also another type of inhabitance who was there in the west of Grand Canyon between 500 and 1,200 CE. The Sinagua were a cultural group lived in the southeast of the Grand Canyon approximately between 500 and 1,425 CE. Captain Garcia López de Cárdenas led by Hopi Guides were the first Europeans to reach the Grand Canyon in September 1540. During 1857, the Grate Canyon area was often called as “The Great Unknown” as it was the last largely unexplored area of west and it was not even there on the map. Then in 1858, US soldier and explorer Joseph Christmas Ivan reached the Colorado River within the Grand Canyon. As a forest reserve, President Benjamin Harrison first gave the federal protection to the Grand Canyon in 1893. President Teddy Roosevelt declared portions of the Grand Canyon a federal game reserve in 1903 then later become a National monument.

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When is the best time of year to visit the Grand Canyon?

The best time to visit the canyon based on what you are really looking for. Months between December and February the crowd is minimum and also in winter due to snow, a number of visitors are very low. But with the snow, the canyon looks fabulous in the winter season. As the crowd is low in these months you can easily find a lodge. But some parts of the canyon (including the entire North Rim) close due to snow. The summer period is the peak season of the Grand Canyon. Between June to August temperature is very high up there. So be prepared before you go there in summer months. The autumn months are also best for tourist as the crowd is quite low compared to summer months. In summer the count rises up. The glass skywalk in the Hualapai tribal land is a good place to have completely different views along the main South Rim of the Grand Canyon. For hikers, day time hiking is safer and more enjoyable than an overnight trip and the Bright Angel trail is the easiest and maintained trail to go down the canyon. While taking a good view of the canyon it will take two days to climb down and come up safely to the rim. In the Grand Canyon South Rim, Mather Point and Hopi are the most popular spots to view the sunrise and Mohave and Pima are best for sunset. If you are visiting the US, do not forget to allocate at least two or three hours to have a quick look of the Grand Canyon.  

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