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Travel | The Longest Wall of the World - The Great Wall, China

The Longest Wall of the World

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The Great Wall of China is of the magnificent and a massive man-made creation that is built throughout the historical northern borders of China. This wall is a fortification system to protect and merge the territories of Chinese states and also to spread the power against the various nomadic tribes in the northern steppe. Apart from that, the Great Wall was used for good transportation and controlled immigration and emigration. In 1987, this site was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage site and also this longest wall in the world has a spot in the New Seven Wonders in the world. The Great Wall is one of the iconic symbols of China and one of the top tourist destinations in China. With the branches, this wall is approximately 21, 196km (13, 171 mi) long. Though this wall is this long, some parts of the wall are partially or fully damaged with the time and not all other parts are open to visitors. The best-preserved parts are closer to Beijing, so those sections are quite crowed compared to the other parts of the wall. This wall runs over rugged surfaces and also steep mountains that giving breathtaking sceneries. Not only to walk through the Great Wall, but this is also the best place for hikers to have a challenging climb.

The Great Wall History

In between 8th and 5th centuries BC and during the Warring States period, the Chinese states like Qin, Wei, Han and Zhongshan constructed massive fortifications to protect their borders. These walls were made from mostly from the local raw materials. “Build and move on” is the central principle in constructing the wall in China. King Qin Shi Huang unified China and joined the boundary walls and also he destructed the walls that divide his empire. These walls were expanded and maintained in later dynasties. In the 14th century, the Ming dynasty again paid attention towards the Great Wall. Their constructions were quite stronger compared to other parts of the wall. They used bricks to construct and expand the Great Wall. The sections of the Ming capital of Beijing were the strongest. The continuation of the walls stopped with the establishment of the Qing dynasty. Since then, the Great wall remains as one of the greatest monument in China.

 Best Sections to Visit in the Great Wall

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As I mentioned earlier, the sections in and closer to Beijing are the most preserved and most famous destinations among tourists. So Beijing is considered as the main gateway to the Great Wall. The sections closer to Beijing are Badaling, Jinshanling, Mutianyu, Gubeikou, Juyongguan and Jiankou. From all these sections Badaling is the most famous destination and is usually crowded every day. But only the crowd can be seen until the 1st two peaks. Most of the people get exhausted by climbing those two peaks and then return back. So it is better to continue to feel the beauty of the surrounding with fewer people. It is quite unbelievable how these walls were built all these years ago. Juyongguan Great Wall has also

crowed as Badaling but this wall runs through one of the greatest three mountains that Pass the Great wall. The crowd is very low in Mutianyu Great Wall compared to the other two walls. So you can easily enjoy the surrounding and the toboggan run in Mutianyu.

Jinshanling Great Wall situated quite far away from Beijing though above mentioned three are closer to Beijing. Jinshanling is one of the best parts of the Great wall and if you can spend a day for the Great Wall, it is worth going there. Gubeikou and Jiankou is best for hiking as those parts are not restored properly.

Ideal Time to Visit the Great Wall 

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The Great Wall

During spring months (April to June) is the best period to visit the sections of the Great wall near Beijing. In those months the surrounding weather is temperate so that you can have a great climb. In autumn (September to November) also it is good to visit the Great wall because the surrounding is spectacular with the colour combinations. December to February is the winter season and due to the cold weather, the visitor's count is very low. But we can find many photographers during this season as the Great wall with snow is picturesque. It is good to avoid hiking in winter and rainy seasons as some parts of the wall get really slippery. In summer months (July to August) the Great Wall gets extremely crowded with families and also the weather is really exhausting for a long climb. So it is better to avoid summer vacation to climb the Great Wall. I recommend you to visit the Great Wall in spring or autumn.

 Hiking and Camping

The selection of the sections for hiking the Great Wall entirely depends on your preference. As we all know, this wall was built as a defensive system. So we can find some well-preserved parts that are quite difficult to climb. If you like for a medium difficulty hike, Mutianyu and Jinshanling are best for you. If you are interested in a somewhat more serious hike in an unrestored portion of the wall with the wild, Jinshanling to Jinshanling East or Gubeikou to Jinshanling is the recommended routes. These unrestored routes include steep climbs with broken steps. So be ready for that. The Jiankou section of the Great Wall is known as the most dangerous portion to hike. Some parts of this section are fully scrambled. So you have to climb in sideways. The most terrifying part here is the “Heavenly ladder”. That portion is 85º steep. That is only 5º less than going straight up. Isn’t it scary?? If you are interested to hike this Jiankou section you must have a well-experienced guild.

Camping in restored parts is fully banned. But you can have camped in a watchtower if you hike in an unrestored portion of the Great Wall. You will never forget that experience once you camp in the Great Wall. 

 


 


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2 Comments

  1. Thank you for sharing such a great information! how much does it costs to visit the wall?

    Kindly regards

    Nills Palman

    ReplyDelete